China: We Lead 3GPP Wireless Standards

Huawei 3GPP 230In 2018, nothing can get approved in 3GPP that China strongly opposes. In the past, 3GPP often was a battle between a few American giants and their European peers. A Qualcomm or a Nokia will still be heard, but the power has shifted. I haven’t seen evidence that the Chinese influence has made for better or worse standards.

There are now over a billion 4G subscribers at the big 3 Chinese telcos, by far the largest equipment buyers. Nokia, Ericsson, and the other vendors do not dare oppose their largest customers. Qualcomm, which sends 60 people to 3PPP, has been in crisis as the Chinese have held up their $44B purchase of NXP. The srock dropped $10B after the 4/16 ZTE incident. 

Huawei and ZTE each have thousands of patents in wireless and submit hundreds of proposals in standards. OF Week reports

There are more than 30 Chinese people holding key positions in the standards organization, voting power exceeds 23%, the number of contributions is 30%, and lead projects account for 40%.

Some 3GPP working groups have open mailing lists, where I see Chinese submissions are ubiquitous, 

The Chinese companies are now working together closely, under public pressure. $50B Lenovo makes phones as well as computers and made the mistake of supporting a Qualcomm proposal over a Chinese one. They have been eviscerated as “unpatriotic” by the Chinese press and made a public statement they have changed their vote. 

Edison Lee at Jefferies reckons Chinese could capture up to 20 percent of essential 5G patents. That would make them the most important force in this generation of technology,

ITU standards are dominated by CJK, China, Japan, and Korea. I’m on the U.S. State Department ITAC, where CJK majorities at  ITU meetings are common. The United States under Trump has been speaking out on the U.S. role in standards. The U.S. blocking of Broadcom/Qualcomm was justified as “protecting American leadership in standards.” All governments lie, but I think this claim was strictly ignorance. 

In the last ten years, the U.S. has become a secondary player in standards.

For anyone still doubting the ability of China to take a lead in telecom, here’s a recent award. The panel was distinguished and largely from Europe and the U.S.  

ZTE Won “Best Technology Innovation for 5G” Award at MWC 2018


Feb 28, 2018


SHENZHEN, China, Feb. 28, 2018 /PRNewswire/ — ZTE Corporation (0763.HK / 000063.SZ), a major international provider of telecommunications, enterprise and consumer technology solutions for the Mobile Internet, won Informa’s “Best Technology Innovation for 5G” Award for its 5G end-to-end technological innovation, at the 2018 Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, Spain.

ZTE Won “Best Technology Innovation for 5G” Award at MWC 2018

ZTE’s 5G end-to-end overall solutions consist of products and solutions, such as wireless access networks, core networks, bearers, chips and terminals, which will meet the requirements of global operators for 5G commercial deployment. The solutions demonstrate ZTE’s deep understanding of 5G network and future 5G needs, and illustrate ZTE’s significant contribution to advancing the maturity of 5G industry chain.

ZTE is the first to apply Massive MIMO, the 5G core technology, to 4G networks, which improves spectral efficiency up to 8 times. For the demand of massive access to 5G networks, ZTE proposed MUSA that allowed the system to support 3 to 6 times user access under the same time-frequency resources, while the industry proposed the non-orthogonal multiple access technology (NOMA) .

The solution realized free scheduling and reduced terminal power consumption significantly. In the second phase of China’s 5G test, ZTE’s MUSA solution reached 90 million connections / MHz / hour, far exceeding the indicators defined by ITU. Due to the originality and leadership of MUSA technology, ZTE, as the first drafter, led in 3GPP RAN1 and passed NOMA research project, advancing the industry standard.

Based on its strong capabilities in chip design and development, ZTE introduced the industry’s most integrated NG BBU and the industry’s lightest and smallest 5G AAUs. The 5G high and low frequency pre-commercial base stations performed outstandingly in the first and second phases of China 5G test.

In terms of 5G core networks, ZTE has released full series of end-to-end 5G network slicing in telecom grade. Cloud ServCore, the 5G cloud core network, will utilize core technologies such as lightweight micro-service components, network slicing, and full access convergence, to help operators evolve to 5G smoothly, and provide ultra-bandwidth, Internet of Things and other new businesses.

With regards to 5G bearers, ZTE’s 5G Flexhaul solution based on FlexE innovation and expansion technology, supports the integrated bearer scenario of prequel, medium and back-haul, which perfectly meets 5G bearer networks’ needs of fragmentation, and achieves unified set of 3G / 4G / 5G network. In addition, 5G Flexhaul’s key performance indicators achieve industry-leading level: end-to-end protection switching time is less than 1ms, single node forwarding latency is less than 0.5μs.

In the meantime, ZTE actively cooperated with several leading operators, such as Telefonica and China Mobile, to conduct multiple tests that fully verified the outstanding performance of 5G Flexhaul solution in CPRI / eCPRI unified bearer, ultra-low latency and ultra-fast protection switching. The solution meets differentiated load requirements and strict performance challenges of different types of 5G businesses.

For chips, ZTE has been pioneering in semiconductor technology with its self-developed chip technology, and has been optimizing power consumption and performance to provide industry-leading chip solutions.

In the field of terminals, ZTE plans to launch 5G-capable smart terminals by the end of 2018 or early 2019, and will be one of the first suppliers in the world to provide 5G terminals.

ZTE has been innovating and practicing in the field of 5G, and has been leading the process of technology verification and product development. The company is committed to becoming the first 5G commercial equipment provider in the world and contributing to the arrival of era of Internet of Everything.

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